Zimmermann, Jochen and Angerer, Erwin von (2007) Estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities of 2,4-diphenylfuran-based ligands of estrogen receptors α and β. The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 104 (3-5), pp. 259-268.
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The estrogen receptor (ER) exists in two isoforms ERα and ERβ with a different distribution in the body and different functions which are not clearly identified yet. Thus, it is desirable to have both agonists and antagonists with selectivity for one or the other ER isoform available. In a previous study we showed that 2,5-diphenylfurans can be converted into pure antiestrogens with preference for ERα. When the arrangement of the phenyl rings was altered to a 2,4-substitution, the alpha-selectivity was lost as demonstrated by comparative assays using recombinant human ERα and ERβ. 3,5-Dialkyl-2,4-bis(4-hydroxyphenylfurans) were shown to act as agonists with preference for ERβ. Replacement of one of the alkyl groups by the [(pentylsulfanyl)propyl]aminohexyl side chain afforded estrogen antagonists without receptor selectivity. These derivatives were characterized as pure antiestrogens in transcription and proliferation assays in ER+ MCF-7 breast cancer cells. The most potent antagonists displayed IC50 values of ca. 20 nM (fulvestrant 4 nM). The data showed that the 2,4-arrangement of the phenyl rings in the furan structure increases the binding affinity for ERβ in comparison to the isomeric 2,5-diphenylfurans but does not lead to a pure antagonist with selectivity for ERβ.
|Institutions:||Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)|
|Projects:||GRK 760, Graduiertenkolleg Medizinische Chemie|
|Keywords:||Non-steroidal estrogen; Antiestrogen; Hormone-dependent breast cancer; Diphenylfuran; Estrogen receptor β|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Owner:||Prof. Armin Buschauer|
|Deposited On:||01 Dec 2008 14:34|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:48|