Reile, Herta and Bernhardt, Günther and Koch, Marion and Schönenberger, Helmut and Hollstein, Michael and Lux, Franz (1992) Chemosensitivity of human MCF-7 breast cancer cells to diastereoisomeric diaqua(1,2-diphenylethylenediamine) platinum(II) sulfates and specific platinum accumulation. Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology 30 (2), pp. 113-122.
Cisplatin, raceme-diaqua[1,2-bis(4-fluorophenyl)ethylenediamine]platinu m(II) sulfate (compound I), meso-diaqua[1,2-bis(4-fluorophenyl)ethylenediamine]-platinum(II) sulfate (compound II), and meso-diaqua[1,2-bis(2,6-dichloro-4- hydroxyphenyl)ethylenediamine]platinum(II) sulfate (compound III) were compared with regard to their effect on the MCF-7 breast cancer cell line in vitro. At equimolar concentrations (5 microM), cisplatin, compound I, and compound II were equiactive after 231 h drug exposure, whereas compound III was ineffective. Although compounds I and II showed markedly greater inactivation than did cisplatin after 6 h incubation with culture medium, compound I (but not compound II) exhibited antitumor activity equivalent to that of cisplatin when cells were exposed to the drugs for 6 h. Platinum measurements by neutron-activation analysis revealed that compound I was selectively and rapidly accumulated by MCF-7 cells, resulting in a high degree of DNA platination within the first few hours of drug exposure. However, when the drug-exposure period was long enough, platinum enrichment was not reflected in an overall difference in the cytotoxicity of compound I vs cisplatin. Nevertheless, compound I should be superior to cisplatin in vivo, provided that effective plasma levels can be maintained for about 6 h.
|Institutions:|| Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Retired Professors > Prof. Schönenberger|
Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Partially|
|Deposited On:||14 Jan 2009 13:48|
|Last Modified:||01 Feb 2012 14:11|