Schertl, Sabine and Hartmann, Rolf W. and Batzl-Hartmann, Christine and Bernhardt, Günther and Spruss, Thilo and Beckenlehner, Karin and Koch, Marion and Krauser, Rudolf and Schlemmer, Richard and Gust, Ronald and Schönenberger, Helmut (2004) [1, 2-Bis(2, 6-difluoro-3-hydroxyphenyl)ethylene-diamine]platinum(II) complexes, compounds for the endocrine therapy of breast cancer - mode of action II: contribution of drug inactivation, cellular drug uptake and sterical factors in the drug-target interaction to the antitumor activity. Archiv der Pharmazie 337 (6), pp. 349-359.
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The marked activity of [meso-1, 2-bis(2, 6-difluoro-3-hydroxyphenyl)ethylenediamine]platinum(II) (meso-3-PtLL', L, L' = Cl(2) or L = OH(2), L' = OSO(3)) on the hormone-sensitive MXT-M-3, 2 breast cancer implanted in mice is most probably due to a mechanism based on the reduction of the endogenous estrogen level. Cytotoxic effects which are poorly pronounced in experiments on several breast cancer cell lines (e.g. MCF-7), do not significantly contribute to the anti-breast cancer activity of this compound. In contrast to this, the standard cisplatin and the structurally related comparison compound [meso-1, 2-bis(4-fluorophenyl)ethylenediamine]platinum(II) (meso-4-PtLL', L, L' = Cl(2) or L = OH(2), L' = OSO(3)) are strongly active in vivo as well as in vitro. Both effects entail programmed cell death, which is responsible for the inhibition of the tumor growth. The minor cytotoxicity of meso-3-PtLL' in breast cancer cell cultures is caused neither by an inappropriate rate of reaction with bionucleophiles (e.g. by a too fast inactivation by plasma proteins) nor solely by the observed poor absorption by the tumor cells resulting in an insufficient drug concentration at the DNA. Additionally, an impeded reaction with biologically important, guanine-rich sequences of DNA (owing to the 2, 6-standing F atoms which hinder the drug-target inter action) must be assumed as cause of its marginal cytotoxicity.
|Institutions:|| Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Retired Professors > Prof. Schönenberger|
Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer)
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Owner:||Prof. Armin Buschauer|
|Deposited On:||12 Dec 2008 18:14|
|Last Modified:||19 Aug 2010 11:16|