Böhmer, F.D. and Karagyozov, L. and Uecker, A. and Serve, H. and Botzki, A. and Mahboobi, Siavosh and Dove, Stefan (2003) A single amino acid exchange inverts susceptibility of related receptor tyrosine kinases for the ATP-site inhibitor STI-571. The Journal of Biological Chemistry 278 (7), pp. 5148-5155.
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The tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI-571 potently blocks BCR-Abl, platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) a- and b-receptors, and c-Kit kinase activity. However Flt3, a receptor tyrosine kinase closely related to PDGF receptors and c-Kit, is not inhibited by STI-571. Sequence alignments of different kinases and indications from the crystal structure of the STI-571 Abl kinase complex revealed amino acid residues that are probably crucial for this activity profile. It was predicted that Flt3 Phe-691 in the b5 strand may sterically prevent interaction with STI-571. The point mutants Flt3 F691T and PDGFb-receptor T681F were constructed, and kinase assays showed that the Flt3 mutant but not the PDGFb-receptor mutant is inhibited by STI-571. Docking of STI-571 into computer models of the PDGFb-receptor and Flt3 kinase domains and comparison with the crystal structure of the STI-571 Abl kinase complex indicated very similar binding sites among the three nonphosphorylated kinases, suggesting corresponding courses of their Asp-Phe-Gly motifs and activation loops. Accordingly, we obsd. reduced sensitivity of preactivated compared with nonactivated PDGFR-b for the inhibition by STI-571. Courses of the activation loop that collide with STI-571 binding explain its inactivity toward other kinases such as the insulin receptor. The binding site models of PDGFR-b and Flt3 were applied to predict structural approaches for more selective PDGFb-receptor inhibitors.
|Institutions:|| Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry II (Prof. Buschauer) |
Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy > Pharmaceutical/Medicinal Chemistry I (Prof. Elz)
|Projects:||Deutsche Krebshilfe 10-2100|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences
600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Partially|
|Owner:||Prof. Dr. Stefan Dove|
|Deposited On:||20 Jan 2009 18:18|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:49|