Whitney, R and Jacquod, P and Petitjean, C (2008) Dephasing in quantum chaotic transport : A semiclassical approach. Physical Review B 77, 045315.
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We investigate the effect of dephasing/decoherence on quantum transport through open chaotic ballistic conductors in the semiclassical limit of small Fermi wavelength to system size ratio, . We use the trajectory-based semiclassical theory to study a two-terminal chaotic dot with decoherence originating from: (i) an external closed quantum chaotic environment, (ii) a classical source of noise, (iii) a voltage probe, i.e. an additional current-conserving terminal. We focus on the pure dephasing regime, where the coupling to the external source of dephasing is so weak that it does not induce energy relaxation. In addition to the universal algebraic suppression of weak localization, we find an exponential suppression of weak-localization , with the dephasing rate . The parameter depends strongly on the source of dephasing. For a voltage probe, is of order the Ehrenfest time . In contrast, for a chaotic environment or a classical source of noise, it has the correlation length of the coupling/noise potential replacing the Fermi wavelength . We explicitly show that the Fano factor for shot noise is unaffected by decoherence. We connect these results to earlier works on dephasing due to electron-electron interactions, and numerically confirm our findings.
|Institutions:||Physics > Institute of Theroretical Physics > Chair Professor Richter > Group Klaus Richter|
|Projects:||Graduiertenkolleg Nichtlinearität und Nichtgleichgewicht|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 530 Physics|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||25 May 2009 15:18|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 15:57|
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