Arita, K and Brack, Matthias (2008) Anomalous shell effect in the transition from a circular to a triangular billiard. Physical Review E 77, 056211.
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We apply periodic orbit theory to a two-dimensional non-integrable billiard system whose boundary is varied smoothly from a circular to an equilateral triangular shape. Although the classical dynamics becomes chaotic with increasing triangular deformation, it exhibits an astonishingly pronounced shell effect on its way through the shape transition. A semiclassical analysis reveals that this shell effect emerges from a codimension-two bifurcation of the triangular periodic orbit. Gutzwiller's semiclassical trace formula, using a global uniform approximation for the bifurcation of the triangular orbit and including the contributions of the other isolated orbits, describes very well the coarse-grained quantum-mechanical level density of this system. We also discuss the role of discrete symmetry for the large shell effect obtained here.
|Institutions:||Physics > Institute of Theroretical Physics > Chair Professor Schäfer > Group Matthias Brack|
|Projects:||Graduiertenkolleg Nichtlinearität und Nichtgleichgewicht|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 530 Physics|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||25 May 2009 13:18|
|Last Modified:||05 Aug 2009 13:57|