Heinze, Jürgen and Ortius, Diethe and Kaib, Manfred and Hölldobler, Bert (1994) Interspecific Aaggression in colonies of the slave-making ant Harpagoxenus sublaevis. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 35 (2), pp. 75-83.
Colonies of the slave-making ant, Harpagoxenus sublaevis, may simultaneously contain workers of several Leptothorax slave species. We observed aggressive interactions among slave-makers, between slave-makers and slaves, and among slaves in 11 mixed colonies. The first two types of aggression appear to be correlated with reproductive competition for the production of males. Aggressive interactions among slaves, however, occurred mainly between slaves belonging to different species. In two colonies, in which one slave species clearly outnumbered the other, the majority attacked and finally expelled all nestmates belonging to the minority species. Our observations thus suggest that in Harpagoxenus colonies a homogeneous ''colony odor'' is not always achieved and that heterospecific slaves may occasionally be mistaken for alien ants: Gas chromatographic analyses of ants from mixed colonies similarly show that cuticular hydrocarbon profiles may differ strongly between heterospecific nestmate slaves.
|Additional information (public):||SLAVE-MAKING ANTS; INTERSPECIFIC AGGRESSION; REPRODUCTIVE COMPETITION; NEST ODOR; CUTICULAR HYDROCARBONS|
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Zoologie > Evolution, Verhalten und Genetik (Prof. Dr. Jürgen Heinze)|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
500 Science > 590 Zoological sciences
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||No|
|Deposited On:||03 Jul 2009 12:30|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 21:36|