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Bipolar Spintronics

Zutic, Igor ; Fabian, Jaroslav


Bipolar spintronics, typically realized in systems which include semiconductors, is an emerging subfield of spintronics in which carriers of both polarities (electrons and holes) are important. In contrast to unipolar spintronics, characteristic for metallic systems, there are large deviations from local charge neutrality and intrinsic non-linearities in the current-voltage characteristics, which ...


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