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Revealing the hidden atom in graphite by low-temperature atomic force microscopy

URN to cite this document:
Hembacher, Stefan ; Giessibl, Franz J. ; Mannhart, Jochen ; Quate, Calvin F.
Date of publication of this fulltext: 13 Jul 2012 08:18


Carbon, the backbone material of life on Earth, comes in three modifications: diamond, graphite, and fullerenes. Diamond develops tetrahedral sp3 bonds, forming a cubic crystal structure, whereas graphite and fullerenes are characterized by planar sp2 bonds. Polycrystalline graphite is the basis for many products of everyday life: pencils, lubricants, batteries, arc lamps, and brushes for ...


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