Ammon, C. and Kreutz, M. and Rehli, M. and Krause, S. W. and Andreesen, Reinhard (1998) Platelets induce monocyte differentiation in serum-free coculture. Journal of leukocyte biology 63 (4), pp. 469-76.
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Terminal maturation of blood monocytes (MO) in vitro and in vivo into macrophages (MAC) occurs as a result of interactions with various cell types. To characterize some of the cell-cell connections that may be important for MO differentiation we cocultured human MO with lymphocytes and/or with platelets. We found that intact platelets strongly promoted MO maturation under serum-free conditions as evident from the expression of differentiation-dependent antigens and morphology. To further characterize the differentiation-inducing component(s) we prepared membrane and cytosol fractions of platelets. Both fractions could induce MO maturation, comparable to intact platelets. Further centrifugation of the cytosolic fraction revealed that only the pellet of ultracentrifugation, e.g., membrane fragments, could induce MO differentiation. Digestion with either trypsin or neuraminidase could only partially inhibit this effect. The same was true for heat-treated fractions, indicating that this platelet-derived differentiation stimulus is not solely an intact protein. Next we prepared protein and lipid fractions of platelets. Treatment of MO with platelet proteins or platelet lipids clearly showed that only the lipid components were able to induce MO maturation. We propose components present in the lipid fraction of platelet membranes as possible inducers of MO maturation in vitro.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||15 Apr 2010 05:35|
|Last Modified:||15 Apr 2010 05:35|