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Thermococcus chitonophagus sp. nov., a novel, chitin-degrading hyperthermophilic archaeum from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent environment

Huber, R. ; Stöhr, J. ; Hohenhaus, S. ; Rachel, Reinhard ; Burggraf, S. ; Jannasch, H. W. ; Stetter, Karl Otto


From a hydrothermal vent site off the Mexican west coast (20°50′N, 109°06′W) at a depth of 2,600 m, a novel, hyperthermophilic, anaerobic archaeum was isolated. Cells were round to slightly irregular cocci, 1.2–2.5 μm in diameter and were motile by means of a tuft of flagella. The new isolate grew between 60 and 93°C (optimum: 85°C), from pH 3.5 to 9 (optimum: pH 6.7), and from 0.8 to 8% NaCl ...


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