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Pyrobaculum aerophilum sp. nov., a novel nitrate-reducing hyperthermophilic archaeum

Völkl, P. ; Huber, R. ; Drobner, E. ; Rachel, Reinhard ; Burggraf, S. ; Trincone, A. ; Stetter, Karl Otto


Abstract

A novel rod-shaped hyperthermophilic archaeum has been isolated from a boiling marine water hole at Maronti Beach, Ischia, Italy. It grew optimally at 100 degrees C and pH 7.0 by aerobic respiration as well as by dissimilatory nitrate reduction, forming dinitrogen as a final product. Organic and inorganic compounds served as substrates during aerobic and anaerobic respiration. Growth was ...

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