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The phylum Nanoarchaeota: present knowledge and future perspectives of a unique form of life

Huber, Harald ; Hohn, Michael J. ; Stetter, Karl Otto ; Rachel, Reinhard


The "Nanoarchaeota" are a novel archaeal phylum, forming a unique, deep branch in the 16S rRNA based phylogenetic tree of life. "Nanoarchaeum equitans", the first cultivated representative, is a hyperthermophilic, anaerobic nano-sized coccus with a genome size of about 490 kb. Growth occurs only in coculture with a new chemolithoautotrophic Ignicoccus species.

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