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The combined effects of high-energy shock waves and cytostatic drugs or cytokines on human bladder cancer cells

Wörle, K. ; Steinbach, P. ; Hofstädter, Ferdinand



Abstract

The effects of shock waves generated by an experimental Siemens lithotripter in combination with cytostatic drugs or cytokines on several bladder cancer cell lines were examined in vitro. Proliferation after treatment was determined with the 3-4,5-dimethylthiazol-2,5 diphenyl tetrazolium bromide assay. Dose enhancement ratios were calculated for each drug and each shock wave application mode in ...

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