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T-wave loop area from a pre-implant 12-lead ECG is associated with appropriate ICD shocks

Rodríguez, B. ; Seegers, Joachim ; Hnatkova, Katerina ; Friede, Tim ; Malik, Marek ; Zabel, Markus


Aims In implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) patients, predictors of ICD shocks and mortality are needed to improve patient selection. Electrocardiographic (ECG) markers are simple to obtain and have been demonstrated to predict mortality. We aimed to assess the association of T-wave loop area and circularity with ICD shocks. Methods The study investigated patients with ICDs implanted ...


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