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Long-term Colloidal and Chemical Stability in Aqueous Media of NaYF₄-type Upconversion Nanoparticles Modified by Ligand-Exchange

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Himmelstoß, Sandy Franziska ; Hirsch, Thomas
License: Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial 4.0
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Date of publication of this fulltext: 02 Mar 2020 09:23

This publication is part of the DEAL contract with Wiley.


Surface capping is an essential component of nanoparticles as it provides access to their outstanding properties in the real world. Upconversion nanoparticles are predominantly interesting for use in biological environments, due to their excellent optical properties such as the conversion of near-infrared excitation light into emissions in the visible or UV range of the spectrum, high ...


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