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Deep Brain Stimulation Surgery without Sedation

Zech, Nina ; Seemann, Milena ; Seyfried, Timo F. ; Lange, Max ; Schlaier, Juergen ; Hansen, Ernil


Background: Sedatives and opioids used during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery interfere with optimal target localization and add to side effects and risks, and thus should be minimized. Objective: To retrospectively test the actual need for sedatives and opioids when cranial nerve blocks and specific therapeutic communication are applied. Methods: In a case series, 64 consecutive patients ...


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