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Sakrale Neuromodulation bei unter- und überaktivem Detrusor – quo vadis?

Girtner, F. ; Burger, M. ; Mayr, R.


BackgroundSacral neuromodulation (SNM) has been used in the treatment of refractory overactive bladder syndrome, nonobstructive urinary retention and faecal incontinence for almost 40years now. It is not to be confused with the sacral anterior root stimulation which is exclusively used for bladder dysfunction due to spinal paraplegia.Mechanism of actionThe principles of SNM are yet to be fully ...


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