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Harmonic and temporal structure of electric organ discharges of the wave-type in Amazonian knifefishes (Gymnotiformes)

Kramer, Leo Bernd


Neotropical, nocturnal freshwater knifefishes of the families Sternopygidae and Apteronotidae are electroreceptive, and emit electric organ discharges (EODs) of the wave type for communication and active electrolocation. In a field-collected sample of an estimated 43 gymnotiform species, members of the former family displayed the same type of sinusoidal EOD waveform at frequencies of up to about ...


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