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Nocebo Effects of Clinical Communication and Placebo Effects of Positive Suggestions on Respiratory Muscle Strength

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Zech, Nina ; Scharl, Leoni ; Seemann, Milena ; Pfeifer, Michael ; Hansen, Ernil
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
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Date of publication of this fulltext: 22 Apr 2022 18:03


Introduction:The effects of specific suggestions are usually studied by measuring parameters that are directly addressed by these suggestions. We recently proposed the use of a uniform, unrelated, and objective measure like maximal muscle strength that allows comparison of suggestions to avoid nocebo effects and thus to improve communication. Since reduced breathing strength might impair ...


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