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The green platform molecule gamma-valerolactone – ecotoxicity, biodegradability, solvent properties, and potential applications

Kerkel, Florian ; Markiewicz, Marta ; Stolte, Stefan ; Müller, Eva ; Kunz, Werner


Since many decades, gamma-valerolactone (GVL) is known to be an excellent solvent, which, today, can be made of sustainable materials. Although numerous publications praise it as very green and versatile, GVL has never reached the level of a large-scale industrial product. Even relevant toxicity and biodegradability data are missing. In this paper, we present such data. Further, we make a ...


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