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Analytical methods for the identification of micro/nano metals in e-cigarette emission samples: a review

AL-Qaysi, Wafaa Waleed ; Abdulla, Fatma H.



Abstract

In this review, numerous analytical methods to quantify the heavy and trace elements emitted from electronic cigarettes, cigarettes liquid and atomizer. The selection of a method was dependent upon the purpose, e.g., quantification or identification of elements only. The introductory part of this review focuses on describing the importance of setting up an electronic cigarettes- associated safety ...

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