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Establishment of an Extraction Method for the Recovery of Tattoo Pigments from Human Skin Using HPLC Diode Array Detector Technology

Engel, E. ; Santarelli, F. ; Vasold, R. ; Ulrich, H. ; Maisch, T. ; König, B. ; Landthaler, M. ; Gopee, N. V. ; Howard, P. C. ; Bäumler, W.


Tattooing is a widespread process of puncturing pigments into skin, whereas the resulting concentration inside the skin remains unknown. Many tattoo colorants are organic pigments, such as azo pigments, manufactured for other uses. To remove tattoos from skin, laser pulses at very high intensities are applied to the skin to destroy the tattoo pigments. Recent investigations have shown that ...


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