Lederer, Stephan R. and Friedrich, Nicole and Banas, Bernhard and Welser, Georg and Albert, Ekkehard D. and Sitter, Thomas (2005) Effects of mycophenolate mofetil on donor-specific antibody formation in renal transplantation. Clinical transplantation 19 (2), pp. 168-174.
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BACKGROUND: Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is a routinely used immunosuppressive agent that selectively blocks T- and B-lymphocyte proliferation. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of this drug on human leukocyte(HLA) antibody production in general and donor-specific antibody (DSA) formation in particular in 154 recipients of renal allografts. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Renal allograft recipients were subdivided into three groups. Group 1 patients (n = 60) had received MMF since transplantation in combination with either cyclosporin A or tacrolimus and steroids. Group 2 patients (n = 29) had received an MMF-free immunosuppressive regimen initially followed by addition of MMF some time later. Group 3 patients (n = 65) had received no MMF. Cyclosporin A or tacrolimus in combination with azathioprine and/or steroids were used for immunosuppression. DSA were demonstrated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for detection of panel-reactive antibodies of HLA class I and II specificity. RESULTS: The HLA antibodies were found in 16.7%, 27.6% and 30.8% of transplant recipients in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. DSA were found in 8.3%, 17.2% and 20.0%, and non-DSA in 10.0%, 20.7% and 24.6%, of patients in groups 1, 2 and 3, respectively. CONCLUSION: The MMF reduces anti-HLA class I and II antibody production and consequently DSA production in renal allograft recipients. Our data indicate this effect to be more pronounced in patients given MMF immediately after transplantation than in those in whom MMF is introduced some time later. The presence of DSA in the serum of renal allograft recipients is associated with poorer graft function (higher serum creatinine and more rejection episodes).
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin II|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||16 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 20:54|