Krämer, B. K. and Böger, C. and Krüger, B. and Marienhagen, J. and Pietrzyk, M. and Obed, A. and Paczek, L. and Mack, M. and Banas, B. (2005) Cardiovascular risk estimates and risk factors in renal transplant recipients. Transplantation proceedings 37 (4), pp. 1868-1870.
Download (60kB) - Repository staff only
Cardiovascular morbidity, including coronary artery disease and left ventricular hypertrophy, and mortality are high in patients following renal transplantation. Cardiovascular disease is thought to be due to traditional (hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus and smoking) as well as nontraditional cardiovascular risk factors (microinflammation). Furthermore, immunosuppressive drugs, namely, calcineurin inhibitors, sirolimus, and steroids, have been reported to adversely affect cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., hypertension, hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia). Evidence from comparative trials and from conversion studies suggest that blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycemia after renal transplantation may be differentially affected by the calcineurin inhibitors cyclosporine and tacrolimus. In the European Tacrolimus versus Cyclosporin A Microemulsion Renal Transplantation Study, 557 patients were randomly allocated to therapy with tacrolimus (n = 286) versus cyclosporine (n = 271). In addition, to blood pressure, serum cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood glucose, we estimated the 10-year risk of coronary heart disease (Framingham risk score). Tacrolimus resulted in a significantly lower time-weighted average of serum cholesterol (P < .001), and mean arterial blood pressure (P < .05), but a higher time-weighted average of blood glucose (P < .01) than cyclosporine. Mean 10-year coronary artery disease risk estimate was significantly lower in men treated with tacrolimus, (10.0% versus 13.2%; P < .01) but was unchanged in women (4.7% versus 7.0%). Tacrolimus and cyclosporine microemulsion have compound-specific effects on cardiovascular risk factors that differentially affect the predicted rate of coronary artery disease.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin II|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||19 Mar 2007|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 20:54|