Moissl, Christine and Rudolph, Christian and Rachel, Reinhard and Koch, Marcus and Huber, Robert (2003) In situ growth of the novel SM1 euryarchaeon from a string-of-pearls-like microbial community in its cold biotope, its physical separation and insights into its structure and physiology. Archives of microbiology 180 (3), pp. 211-217.
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Recently, a unique archaeal/bacterial community that grows in a macroscopically visible string-of-pearls-like structure in cold (~10 degrees C), sulfurous marsh water was discovered. Here, a new technique is described that allows the fast and reliable growth of these string-of-pearls-like microbial communities in larger quantities on polyethylene nets in nature. The microbial net population, estimated to consist of about 10,000 single pearls, can be harvested once a week and the archaeal cells selectively separated by density gradient centrifugation. As in native pearls, the archaeal cell fraction obtained consisted of a single type of coccoid cells only, 0.6 micro m in diameter. This novel type of euryarchaea has been tentatively named SM1 euryarchaeon. Electron microscopy and immuno-fluorescence in situ hybridization (immuno-FISH) revealed that about 100 pili-like fibers, up to 3 micro m in length, emanate radially from the surface of each cell. The SM1 euryarchaeal cells exhibited a viability of about 90%. The optimal conditions for viability were temperatures between -2 degrees C and 20 degrees C, pH 5-9, and low salt conditions; cell viability was independent of oxygen partial pressures. The cultures stained gram-positive, the cell wall was sensitive to SDS, EDTA and Proteinase K treatment. The cells did not exhibit the typical fluorescence for methanogens and did not contain coenzyme F(420). The G+C-content was 34.5 mol%.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biochemie, Genetik und Mikrobiologie > Lehrstuhl für Mikrobiologie > Prof. Dr. Michael Thomm|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||05 Mar 2010 09:31|
|Last Modified:||05 Mar 2010 09:31|
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