Konur, A. and Kreutz, M. and Knüchel, R. and Krause, S. W. and Andreesen, Reinhard (1996) Three-dimensional co-culture of human monocytes and macrophages with tumor cells: analysis of macrophage differentiation and activation. International journal of cancer. Journal international du cancer 66 (5), pp. 645-52.
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Here we report on an experimental system for generating TAM in vitro by culturing human MO and MO-derived macrophages (MAC) within 3-dimensional multicellular tumor spheroids (MCS). MO as well as MO-derived MAC migrate into tumor spheroids and spread throughout the entire spheroid within 16 hr. In contrast, fibroblast-spheroids were not infiltrated. The regular expression of MAC maturation-associated antigens on infiltrating MO was suppressed within MCS of the undifferentiated bladder carcinoma line J82 with regard to carboxypeptidase M (CPM), MAX.3 antigen and CD105. However, MAC within spheroids of highly differentiated papillary RT4 cells failed only the single antigen CD51, whereas MAC expressed the complete maturation-associated phenotype within non-tumorigenic HCV29 spheroids. Interestingly, the suppressive effect of J82 carcinoma cells could only be observed in 3-dimensional but not in monolayer cultures. The J82-MCS induced suppression of CPM and MAX.3 expression was only seen to be operative on infiltrating blood MO: MO first differentiated for 2 days and subsequently co-cultured with J82-MCS showed normal expression of MAX.3 and CPM within the spheroid. Besides the modulation of MAC phenotype, the cytokine response of intraspheroidal MAC was analyzed: upon co-culture MO secreted high IL-1beta and IL-6 but low amounts of TNF-alpha as compared to MAC. This MO typical cytokine pattern remained constant for up to 8 days in culture, again indicating a disturbed MO to MAC maturation within tumor spheroids. In conclusion, a 3-dimensional interaction with tumor cells in vitro results in significant changes in the phenotype and function of the spheroid-associated MO and MAC.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||14 Apr 2010 05:00|
|Last Modified:||14 Apr 2010 05:00|