Holtrich, U. and Wolf, G. and Yuan, J. and Bereiter-Hahn, J. and Karn, T. and Weiler, M. and Kauselmann, G. and Rehli, M. and Andreesen, Reinhard and Kaufmann, M. and Kuhl, D. and Strebhardt, K. (2000) Adhesion induced expression of the serine/threonine kinase Fnk in human macrophages. Oncogene 19 (42), pp. 4832-9.
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Members of the polo subfamily of protein kinases play crucial roles in cell proliferation. To study the function of this family in more detail, we isolated the cDNA of human Fnk (FGF-inducible kinase) which codes for a serine/threonine kinase of 646 aa. Despite the homology to the proliferation-associated polo-like kinase (Plk), tissue distribution of Fnk transcripts and expression kinetics differed clearly. In contrast to Plk no correlation between cell proliferation and Fnk gene expression was found. Instead high levels of Fnk mRNA were detectable in blood cells undergoing adhesion. The transition of monocytes from peripheral blood to matrix bound macrophages was accompanied by increasing levels of Fnk with time in culture. Neither treatment of monocytes with inducers of differentiation nor withdrawal of serum did influence Fnk mRNA levels significantly, suggesting that cell attachment triggers the onset of Fnk gene transcription. The idea that Fnk is part of the signalling network controlling cellular adhesion was supported by the analysis of the cytoplasmic distribution of the Fnk protein and the influence of its overexpression on the cellular architecture. Fnk as fusion protein with GFP localized at the cellular membrane in COS cells. Dysregulated Fnk gene expression disrupted the cellular f-actin network and induced a spherical morphology. Furthermore, Fnk binds to the Ca2+/integrin-binding protein Cib in two-hybrid-analyses and co-immunoprecipitation in assays. Moreover, both proteins were shown to co-localize in mammalian cells. The homology of Cib with calmodulin and with calcineurin B suggests that Cib might be a regulatory subunit of polo-like kinases.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||15 Apr 2010 07:19|
|Last Modified:||15 Apr 2010 07:19|
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