Eisert, V. and Kreutz, M. and Becker, K. and Königs, C. and Alex, U. and Rübsamen-Waigmann, H. and Andreesen, Reinhard and von Briesen, H. (2001) Analysis of cellular factors influencing the replication of human immunodeficiency virus type I in human macrophages derived from blood of different healthy donors. Virology 286 (1), pp. 31-44.
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We analyzed parameters influencing HIV-1 infectibility of cells of the monocyte/macrophage lineage (MO/MAC) isolated from different healthy donors. The proportion of in vitro-infected cells and replication kinetics in different donor MAC ranged from 0.03 to 99% p24 antigen-positive MAC and from undetectable RT activity up to 5 x 10(6) cpm/ml/90 min, respectively. As a quantitative measurement for HIV-1 susceptibility of donor MO/MAC, we determined TCID(50) values of defined virus stocks which varied up to 3000-fold depending on the donor MAC used for titration. As host factors which may influence the viral infection we determined the expression of virus receptors CD4, CCR5, CXCR4, and CCR3 as well as the secretion of the natural ligands of CCR5, which altogether showed no correlation with HIV-1 infectibility of the cells. Moreover, other MO-derived secretory factors which might affect viral infection of these cells could be excluded. Furthermore, expression of maturation-related antigens CD14, CD16, HLA-DR, and MAX.1/CPM was determined. Analysis of the reverse transcription process revealed that restricted HIV-1 infection was reflected by highly reduced or even undetectable full-length HIV-1 DNA formation, although early and intermediate transcripts appeared, suggesting that viral replication is blocked after entry at the level of early reverse transcription.
|Institutions:||Medicine > Abteilung für Hämatologie und Internistische Onkologie|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||15 Apr 2010 05:15|
|Last Modified:||15 Apr 2010 05:15|