Esparza, I. and Männel, Daniela N. and Ruppel, A. and Falk, Werner and Krammer, P.H.
Interferon gamma and lymphotoxin or tumor necrosis factor act synergistically to induce macrophage killing of tumor cells and schistosomula of Schistosoma mansoni.
The Journal of experimental medicine 166 (2), pp. 589-594.
Macrophages play a crucial role in the defense against tumors and parasites. Activation of tumoricidal and microbicidal effector mechanisms requires stimulation of macrophages with macrophage-activating factors (MAF). One such MAF is interferon gamma (IFN-gamma). In some assays, substantial activity of IFN-gamma on murine macrophages, however, is only observed in synergy with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or other cytokines (1). In addition, certain cytokines have been shown to induce monocyte or macrophage activation in the absence of IFN-gamma (2-5). We previously described lymphokines in the supernatant of a murine T cell clone that synergized with IFN-gamma in the induction of tumoricidal and schistosomulicidal murine macrophages (1). We called this lymphokine(s) macrophage cytotoxicityinducing factor 2 (MCIF2)(1). A candidate for MCIF2 was lymphotoxin (LT), because the T cell clone supernatant contained high amounts of LT. LT is functionally homologous and structurally related to the macrophage product tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Therefore, we tested whether recombinant (r) LT or rTNF can function as MAF. We report here that rLT or rTNF synergize with rIFN-gamma in the induction of tumoricidal and schistosomulicidal murine macrophages.
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Innere Medizin I|
Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Immunologie
|Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||21 Jul 2010 09:21|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 22:33|