Raditsch, M. and Geyer, M. and Kalbitzer, Hans Robert and Jahn, W. and Ruppersberg, J .P. and Witzemann, V. (1996) Polyamine spider toxins and mammalian N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. Structural basis for channel blocking and binding of argiotoxin₆₃₆. European journal of biochemistry = the FEBS journal 240 (2), pp. 416-426.
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Recombinant N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors composed of NR1/NR2A subunits were expressed in Xenopus oocytes to analyse the voltage-dependent and use-dependent channel blocking activity of argiotoxin636. Functional assays demonstrate that the toxin competes with other open channel blockers such as Mg2+ and MK-801. Direct binding or competition assays using radiolabeled ligands and isolated rat brain membranes, in contrast, reveal no specific binding or yield binding constants which differ by orders of magnitude from the IC50 values of the functional assays. One explanation is that argiotoxin636 does not bind with high affinity to the inhibitory site in the N-methyl-D-aspartate-receptor channel under in vitro conditions when membranes are depolarised. The structure of argiotoxin636 was investigated by NMR spectroscopy. In solution the positively charged argiotoxin636 acquires an extended conformation and its dimensions might allow permeation deep into the channel. In the absence of direct structural information on the channel protein, the detailed analysis of blockade in conjunction with structural information, as provided here, may be of aid in the deduction of structural features of glutamate-receptor channel ion pores.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans Robert Kalbitzer|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||09 Sep 2010 06:36|
|Last Modified:||09 Sep 2010 06:36|