Jung, Astrid and Bamann, Christian and Kremer, Werner and Kalbitzer, Hans Robert and Brunner, Eike (2004) High-temperature solution NMR structure of TmCsp. Protein science 13 (2), pp. 342-350.
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Cold shock proteins (Csps) are assumed to play a central role in the regulation of gene expression under cold shock conditions. Acting as single-stranded nucleic acid-binding proteins, they trigger the translation process and are therefore involved in the compensation of the influence of low temperatures (cold shock) upon the cell metabolism. However, it is unknown so far how Csps are switched on and off as a function of temperature. The aim of the present study is the study of possible structural changes responsible for this switching process. (1)H-(15)N HSQC spectra recorded at different temperatures and chemical-shift analysis have indicated subtle conformational changes for the cold-shock protein from the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima (TmCsp) when the temperature is elevated from 303 K to its physiological temperature (343 K). The three-dimensional structure of TmCsp was determined by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy at 343 K to obtain quantitative information concerning these structural changes. By use of residual dipolar couplings, the loss of NOE information at high temperature could be compensated successfully. Most pronounced conformational changes compared with room-temperature conditions are observed for amino acid residues closely neighbored to two characteristic beta-bulges and a well-defined loop region of the protein. Because the residues shown to be responsible for the interaction of TmCsp with single-stranded nucleic acids can almost exclusively be found within these regions, nucleic acid-binding activity might be down-regulated with increasing temperature by the described conformational changes.
|Institutions:||Biology, Preclinical Medicine > Institut für Biophysik und physikalische Biochemie > Prof. Dr. Dr. Hans Robert Kalbitzer|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 570 Life sciences|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||16 Sep 2010 09:16|
|Last Modified:||16 Sep 2010 09:16|