Jilg, Wolfgang and Bogedain, C. and Mairhofer, H. and Gu, S. Y. and Wolf, Hans J.
The Epstein-Barr virus-encoded glycoprotein gp 110 (BALF 4) can serve as a target for antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC).
Virology 202 (2), pp. 974-977.
Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) is thought to play a major role in controlling the spread of the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) in an infected individual. Recently, the viral membrane protein gp 350/220, which is also expressed at the surface of the virus producing cell, was identified as a target for ADCC reactions. Due to its glycoprotein nature, the EBV protein gp 110 is another possible ADCC target. It is one of the most abundant proteins found during the late phase of viral replication; until now, however, researchers have not been able to localize it on the surface of EBV positive cells. By means of recombinant vaccinia viruses containing the genes for gp 350/220 and gp 110, respectively, we expressed these proteins in lymphoblastoid cells, which were then used as targets in ADCC studies with sera from EBV-positive and -negative individuals. In these experiments we were able to demonstrate the feasibility of our approach for the investigation of EBV-specific ADCC reactions and could confirm the role of gp 350/220 as an ADCC target. Furthermore, we were able to show that gp 110 can also be recognized in an ADCC reaction, proving that at least some gp 110 molecules must be expressed at the cell surface.
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Hygiene|
|Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity||MESH|
|Gene Expression Regulation, Viral||MESH|
|Herpesvirus 4, Human/immunology||MESH|
|Viral Structural Proteins/genetics||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||06 Apr 2011 07:56|
|Last Modified:||21 Jul 2011 02:10|