Klein, Regina and Tiddy, Gordon and Maurer , Eva and Touraud, Didier and Esquena, Jordi and Tache, Olivier and Kunz, Werner (2011) Aqueous phase behavior of choline carboxylate surfactants exceptional variety and extent of cubic phases. Soft Matter 7 (15), pp. 6973-6983.
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Choline carboxylate surfactants are powerful alternatives to the well-known classical alkali soaps, since they exhibit substantially increased water soly. while maintaining biocompatibility, in contrast to simple quaternary ammonium ions. In the present study, we report the aq. binary phase diagrams and a detailed investigation of the lyotropic liq. cryst. phases formed by choline carboxylate surfactants (ChCm) with chain lengths ranging from m = 12-18 and at surfactant concns. of up to 95-98 wt%. The identification of the lyotropic mesophases and their sequence was achieved by the penetration scan technique. Structural details are elucidated by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). The general sequence of mesophases with increasing soap concn. was found to be as follows: micellar (L1), discontinuous cubic (I1), hexagonal (H1), bicontinuous cubic (V1) and lamellar (Lα). The main difference to the phase behavior of alkali soaps or of other mono-anionic surfactants is the appearance and large extent of a discontinuous cubic phase with two or even more different symmetries. The obtained phase diagrams further highlight the extraordinarily high water soly. of ChCm soaps. Finally, structural parameters of ChCm salts such as the cross-sectional area at the polar-nonpolar interface are compared to those of alkali soaps and discussed in the terms of specific counterion binding and packing constraints.
|Institutions:||Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institut für Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie > Chair of Chemistry VI - Physical Chemistry (Solution Chemistry) > Prof. Dr. Werner Kunz|
|Keywords:||choline carboxylate anionic surfactant phase diagram mesophase|
|Subjects:||500 Science > 540 Chemistry & allied sciences|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||11 May 2012 08:12|
|Last Modified:||11 May 2012 08:12|