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The contribution of encoding and retrieval processes to proactive interference

Kliegl, Oliver ; Pastötter, Bernhard ; Bäuml, Karl-Heinz T.


Proactive interference (PI) refers to the finding that memory for recently studied (target) material can be impaired by the prior study of other (nontarget) material. Previous accounts of PI differed in whether they attributed PI to impaired retrieval or impaired encoding. Here, we suggest an integrated encoding-retrieval account, which assigns a role for each of the two types of processes in ...


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