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Oncological Outcome of Primary versus Secondary Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer Is Comparable after Radical Cystectomy

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Aziz, Atiqullah ; Gierth, Michael ; Fritsche, H. M. ; May, M. ; Otto, Wolfgang ; Denzinger, Stefan
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Date of publication of this fulltext: 10 Oct 2019 09:03


Background: High-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) progressing to muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) is associated with adverse tumour biology. It is unclear, however, whether outcome of NMIBC progressing to MIBC is adverse compared to primary MIBC and whether NMIBC of higher risk of progression to MIBC is adverse compared to NMIBC of lower risk. Objective: Our objective was to ...


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