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Diagnostic Criteria for Somatosensory Tinnitus: A Delphi Process and Face-to-Face Meeting to Establish Consensus

Michiels, Sarah ; Ganz Sanchez, Tanit ; Oron, Yahav ; Gilles, Annick ; Haider, Haúla F. ; Erlandsson, Soly ; Bechter, Karl ; Vielsmeier, Veronika ; Biesinger, Eberhard ; Nam, Eui-Cheol ; Oiticica, Jeanne ; de Medeiros, Ítalo Roberto T. ; Bezerra Rocha, Carina ; Langguth, Berthold ; Van de Heyning, Paul ; De Hertogh, Willem ; Hall, Deborah A.


Since somatic or somatosensory tinnitus (ST) was first described as a subtype of subjective tinnitus, where altered somatosensory afference from the cervical spine or temporomandibular area causes or changes a patient's tinnitus perception, several studies in humans and animals have provided a neurophysiological explanation for this type of tinnitus. Due to a lack of unambiguous clinical tests, ...


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