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Radiation exposure during retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS): a prospective multicenter evaluation

Hein, Simon ; Wilhelm, Konrad ; Miernik, Arkadiusz ; Schoenthaler, Martin ; Suarez-Ibarrola, Rodrigo ; Gratzke, Christian ; Salem, Johannes ; Karapanos, Leonidas ; Netsch, Christopher ; Becker, Benedikt ; Secker, Armin ; Veser, Julian ; Neisius, Andreas ; Fritsche, Hans-Martin ; Schnabel, Marco Julius


Purpose Retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) may require extensive X-ray usage. We evaluated the impact of preoperative surgeon briefing regarding the inclusion and evaluation of fluoroscopy time (FT) and dose area product (DAP) in a multicenter study on the applied X-ray usage. Methods A prospective multicenter study of 6 tertiary centers was performed. Each center recruited up to 25 prospective ...


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