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Comparative Morphology of the Symbiont Cultivation Glands in the Antennae of Female Digger Wasps of the Genus Philanthus (Hymenoptera: Crabronidae)

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Goettler, Wolfgang ; Kaltenpoth, Martin ; McDonald, Samuel ; Strohm, Erhard
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
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Date of publication of this fulltext: 28 Mar 2022 13:11


Females of the solitary digger wasp tribe Philanthini, called the beewolves (Hymenoptera, Crabronidae), cultivate strains of symbiotic bacteria that belong to the genus Streptomyces in unique and highly specialized glands in their antennae. The glands consist of large reservoirs that are surrounded by numerous gland cell complexes (class III). The symbionts are cultivated inside the reservoirs ...


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