Krueger, Konstanze and Flauger, Birgit
Olfactory Recognition of Individual Competitors by Means of Faeces in Horse (Equus caballus).
Animal Cognition Online.
at publisher (via DOI)
Living in complex social systems requires perceptual and cognitive capacities for the recognition of group membership and individual competitors. Olfaction is one means by which this can be achieved. Many animals can identify individual proteins in urine, skin secretions, or saliva by scent. Additionally, marking behaviour in several mammals and especially in horses indicates the importance of ...
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