Zulley, Jürgen and Campbell, S. S.
Napping behavior during "spontaneous internal desynchronization": sleep remains in synchrony with body temperature.
Human neurobiology 4 (2), pp. 123-126.
Patterns of sleep and wakefulness exhibited in an environment without time cues are generally considered to be monophasic, with a distinct relationship between sleep episodes and the minimum of body core temperature. In some cases this relationship between major sleep episodes and temperature becomes replaced by an apparently varying phase relationship between the two variables called "spontaneous internal desynchronization". In the present study the sleep-wake and temperature data of six subjects living in an environment without time cues and exhibiting internal desynchronization were reanalyzed to include subjectively designated naps. Two groups of naps were identified based on their phase positions relative to temperature, with one group occurring around the temperature minimum and another group clustering approximately halfway between successive minima. The results support the suggestion that neither monophasic sleep placement nor sleep patterns typically associated with spontaneous internal desynchronization reflect biological sleep tendency. Rather, sleep tendency is reflected more accurately by the bimodal sleep patterns exhibited by subjects who are allowed to time their sleep and waking with no restrictions.