Lauer, C. and Krieg, J. C. and Zulley, Jürgen and Riemann, D. and Berger, M.
Der Schlaf bei Anorexia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa und
depressiven Erkrankungen: Eine polysomnographische
Vergleichsstudie (= Sleep in anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and depressive diseases: a polysomnographic comparative study).
Fortschritte der Neurologie, Psychiatrie 57 (10), pp. 403-410.
All-night EEG sleep in 20 anorexics, 10 bulimics, 10 endogenous depressives, and in 10 healthy subjects (all age matched) was compared. In addition, the REM sleep-induction-test was performed in 12 patients with an eating disorder, 7 depressives, and 12 controls by application of the cholinergic agent RS 86. During baseline night, EEG-sleep parameters, especially REM latency, did not differ between the patients and the controls, except for the phasic components of REM sleep (REM density) that were increased in the depressive patients. The frequency of shortened REM latencies, however, was significantly higher in the depressed patients. These observations indicate that in some of the young depressives the disturbance of the REM sleep regulating transmitter system is already present to a similar degree as it is assumed in elderly depressives. After the application of RS 86, REM latency was shortened in all groups under investigation. However, the REM sleep inducing effect of RS 86 was significantly more pronounced in the depressives when compared with both the eating disorder patients and the controls. In the latter two samples, the shortening of REM latency was similar. Furthermore, the eating disorder patients with a concomitant major depression reacted similar to RS 86 as the non-depressed eating disorder patients and the control subjects. Whereas baseline EEG-sleep did not differ significantly among eating disorder patients, young depressives, and healthy subjects, the REM sleep inducing effect of the cholinergic agent RS 86 clearly distinguished between the depressives and both the patients suffering from eating disorders and the controls.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
|Institutions:|| Medicine > Lehrstuhl für Psychiatrie und Psychotherapie|
|Psychiatric Status Rating Scales||MESH|
|Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic||MESH|
|Reaction Time/drug effects||MESH|
|Sleep Stages/drug effects||MESH|
|Sleep, REM/drug effects||MESH|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||04 Mar 2011 13:20|
|Last Modified:||21 Jul 2011 02:07|