Abel, Magdalena and Bäuml, Karl-Heinz T. (2012) Retrieval-induced forgetting, delay, and sleep. Memory 20 (5), pp. 420-428.
Full text not available from this repository.
Retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF) refers to the finding that retrieval of a subset of previously studied material can cause forgetting of related unpracticed material. Prior work on the role of delay between practice and test for RIF reported mixed results. Whereas some studies found RIF to be a relatively transient phenomenon, others found RIF to persist over time. We examined whether the persistence of RIF can depend on whether wakefulness or sleep follows retrieval practice. We employed a variant of the retrieval-practice paradigm with short (20 min) and long (12 hours) delay conditions. In all conditions, participants studied a perceptually categorized list followed by retrieval practice on some of the items from some of the categories. Participants studied and practiced the material in the morning or the evening. RIF was present in the short-delay conditions, and it was present in the long-delay condition if the delay included nocturnal sleep; if the long delay was filled with diurnal wakefulness, RIF was absent. Results show that whether delay eliminates RIF or not can depend on whether sleep or wake follows upon retrieval practice. Connections of the results to recent findings about the role of delay and sleep for RIF are discussed.
|Institutions:||Psychology and Pedagogy > Institut für Psychologie > Lehrstuhl für Psychologie IV (Entwicklungs- und Kognitionspsychologie) - Prof. Dr. Karl-Heinz Bäuml|
|Keywords:||Retrieval-induced forgetting, retrieval, forgetting, delay, sleep|
|Subjects:||100 Philosophy & psychology > 150 Psychology|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Yes|
|Deposited On:||22 Feb 2012 12:46|
|Last Modified:||17 Jul 2012 13:29|