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Vibrating Quartz Fork – A Tool for Cryogenic Helium Research

Blazkova, M. ; Clovecko, M. ; Eltsov, V. B. ; Gazo, E. ; de Graaf, R. ; Hosio, J. J. ; Krusius, M. ; Schmoranzer, D. ; Schoepe, Wilfried ; Skrbek, L. ; Skyba, P. ; Solntsev, R. E. ; Vinen, W. F.



Abstract

Oscillating objects such as discs, piles of discs, spheres, grids and wires have been widely used in cryogenic fluid dynamics and in quantum fluids research since the discovery of superfluidity. A new addition are quartz tuning forks, commercially available frequency standards. We review their use as thermometers, pressure- and viscometers as well as their potential as generators and detectors of cavitation and turbulence in viscous and superfluid He liquids.


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