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The Influence of Chemical Bonding Configuration on Atomic Identification by Force Spectroscopy

Welker, Joachim ; Weymouth, Alfred J. ; Giessibl, Franz J.


The force between two atoms depends not only on their chemical species and distance, but also on the configuration of their chemical bonds to other atoms. This strongly affects atomic force spectroscopy, in which the force between the tip of an atomic force microscope and a sample is measured as a function of distance. We show that the short-range forces between tip and sample atoms depend ...


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