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The continuous awake craniotomy (CAC) protocol: a novel protocol for awake craniotomies

Feigl, Guenther C. ; Luerding, Ralf ; Rosengarth, Katharina ; Doenitz, Christian ; Schebesch, Karl-Michael ; Lange, Max ; Brawanski, Alexander ; Schlaier, Juergen R. ; Hansen, Ernil


Objective: The generally used asleep-awake-asleep protocol makes reliable intra-operative testing difficult as patients are frequently disoriented when woken-up from sedation. Furthermore, this protocol carries potential risks for the patient, the most common among them being respiratory complications. In an effort to eliminate potential risks for the patient during awake craniotomies, and in ...


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