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Genital Morphology of Winged and Wingless Males in the Ant Genus Cardiocondyla (Formicidae, Myrmicinae)

Schmidt, Christine V. ; Heinze, Jürgen


The myrmicine ant genus Cardiocondyla is characterized by a peculiar male diphenism with winged disperser males and wingless, "ergatoid" fighter males. Here we describe and illustrate the morphology of the male external genitalia of 13 species of this genus. Several characters, especially the parossiculus of the volsella and the medial face of the paramere, vary between different species groups ...


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