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Bimodal neuromodulation combining sound and tongue stimulation reduces tinnitus symptoms in a large randomized clinical study

Conlon, Brendan ; Langguth, Berthold ; Hamilton, Caroline ; Hughes, Stephen ; Meade, Emma ; Connor, Ciara O ; Schecklmann, Martin ; Hall, Deborah A. ; Vanneste, Sven ; Leong, Sook Ling ; Subramaniam, Thavakumar ; D’Arcy, Shona ; Lim, Hubert H.


Tinnitus is a phantom auditory perception coded in the brain that can be bothersome or debilitating, affecting 10 to 15% of the population. Currently, there is no clinically recommended drug or device treatment for this major health condition. Animal research has revealed that sound paired with electrical somatosensory stimulation can drive extensive plasticity within the brain for tinnitus ...


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