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Information on secondary publication of dissertations as journal articles and on using journal articles as part of a (cumulative) dissertation

As a general rule:

If you have already published parts of your thesis in journals (or similar), you should check your author's agreements or ask your publisher if a secondary publication as a dissertation – as an electronic dissertation in particular – is permitted. In any case you have to cite properly, i.e. state the journal as the source. In our FAQ on electronic dissertations you can find further information.

If you have published your article open access under a Creative-Commons-licence, you did not transfer the copyright to the publisher and thus, you can continue to use your work as you like. That's why we recommend to publish open access.

Summary of some publishers' practice

We have already gathered information on dissertations from a number of publishers, and we have also written to them in this regard. Here you can find information on copyright and acceptance for the following publishers (in alphabetical order):

American Chemical Society (ACS)

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"15. Do I have any rights to use material that I have authored, but for which ACS holds copyright?
The current ACS Journal Publishing Agreement covers several permitted uses by authors. Permitted uses are subject to certain conditions (see the Journal Publishing Agreement User Guide [PDF]) and may vary according to the version of the paper in production (see question 14). Permitted uses of all versions include: Use in theses and collections of your own work…"

"24. I am a student writing my thesis. May I use papers I have authored in ACS journals, or material from them, in my thesis without obtaining explicit permission?
You may reuse all or part of the Submitted, Accepted, or Published versions of your ACS papers in your thesis or dissertation. Such reuse is permitted subject to the ACS' Ethical Guidelines to Publication of Chemical Research and you should secure confirmation from the respective ACS journal editor(s) to avoid potential conflicts with journal prior publication policies. The ACS copyright credit line should be noted on the appropriate pages and appropriate citation of any Published versions. If the thesis or dissertation to be published is in electronic format, a direct link to the Published Work must be included using the ACS Articles on Request link.

Although ACS grants students automatic permission to use their ACS articles in theses, it is highly likely that the graduate school requires a statement of written permission. Students should use RightsLink to obtain permission, and provide their graduate school with the written document provided by RightsLink.

You may also wish to view the ACS Thesis Policy."

"27. Who do I contact if the answer to my question is not provided here?
If your question is not answered within the FAQs, please contact ACS Publications Customer Services and Information."

Retrieved from the publisher's Copyright FAQs.

"SECTION II: Permitted Uses by Author(s)
1. Reuse/Republication of the Entire Work in Theses or Collections:

Authors may reuse all or part of the Submitted, Accepted or Published Work in a thesis or dissertation that the Author writes and is required to submit to satisfy the criteria of degree-granting institutions. Such reuse is permitted subject to the ACS' "Ethical Guidelines to Publication of Chemical Research"; the Author should secure written confirmation (via letter or email) from the respective ACS journal editor(s) to avoid potential conflicts with journal prior publication**/embargo policies. Appropriate citation of the Published Work must be made. If the thesis or dissertation to be published is in electronic format, a direct link to the Published Work must also be included using the ACS Articles on Request author-directed link (see http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/articlesonrequest/index.html)."

Retrieved from Journal Publishing Agreement User Guide (PDF).

"Copyright permission for published and submitted material from theses and dissertations
ACS extends blanket permission to students to include in their theses and dissertations their own articles, or portions thereof, that have been published in ACS journals or submitted to ACS journals for publication, provided that the ACS copyright credit line is noted on the appropriate page(s)."

"Reuse/Republication of the Entire Work in Theses or Collections: Authors may reuse all or part of the Submitted, Accepted or Published Work in a thesis or dissertation that the author writes and is required to submit to satisfy the criteria of degree-granting institutions. Such reuse is permitted subject to the ACS' "Ethical Guidelines to Publication of Chemical Research" (http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/ethics/index.html); the author should secure written confirmation (via letter or email) from the respective ACS journal editor(s) to avoid potential conflicts with journal prior publication*/embargo policies. Appropriate citation of the Published Work must be made. If the thesis or dissertation to be published is in electronic format, a direct link to the Published Work must also be included using the ACS Articles on Request author-directed link - see http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/articlesonrequest/index.html
* Prior publication policies of ACS journals are posted on the ACS website at http://pubs.acs.org/page/policy/prior/index.html

If your paper has not yet been published by ACS, please print the following credit line on the first page of your article: "Reproduced (or 'Reproduced in part') with permission from [JOURNAL NAME], in press (or 'submitted for publication'). Unpublished work copyright [CURRENT YEAR] American Chemical Society." Include appropriate information.

If your paper has already been published by ACS and you want to include the text or portions of the text in your thesis/dissertation, please print the ACS copyright credit line on the first page of your article: “Reproduced (or 'Reproduced in part') with permission from [FULL REFERENCE CITATION.] Copyright [YEAR] American Chemical Society." Include appropriate information.

Submission to a Dissertation Distributor: If you plan to submit your thesis to UMI or to another dissertation distributor, you should not include the unpublished ACS paper in your thesis if the thesis will be disseminated electronically, until ACS has published your paper. After publication of the paper by ACS, you may release the entire thesis (not the individual ACS article by itself) for electronic dissemination through the distributor; ACS’s copyright credit line should be printed on the first page of the ACS paper."

Retrieved from American Chemical Society’s Policy on Theses and Dissertations (PDF) - available through the publisher's Permissions - Use of Materials from ACS Journals pages.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Publishing implications of electronic publication of theses and dissertation material
Students and their mentors should be aware that posting of theses and dissertation material on the Web prior to submission of material from that thesis or dissertation to an ACS journal may affect publication in that journal. Whether Web posting is considered prior publication may be evaluated on a case-by-case basis by the journal's editor. If an ACS journal editor considers Web posting to be "prior publication", the paper will not be accepted for publication in that journal. If you intend to submit your unpublished paper to ACS for publication, check with the appropriate editor prior to posting your manuscript electronically."

Retrieved from American Chemical Society’s Policy on Theses and Dissertations (PDF) - available through the publisher's Permissions - Use of Materials from ACS Journals pages.

"25. My university requires me to publish my thesis on the Web. Does that change what and how I can use material I have authored but for which ACS holds copyright?
See answer to Question 24. [siehe oben] Because of the public nature of the Web, you should be even more aware of the possibility that such publication may jeopardize an editor's willingness to accept material from such a thesis as "unpublished." See the prior publication policies of ACS journals."

Retrieved from the publisher's Copyright FAQs.

De Gruyter

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"2 Grant of Rights"
"2.2 … Should the Author wish to reproduce and distribute the Article elsewhere after one year following publication, the Author must obtain the written consent of the Publisher. Taking into account the interests on both sides, the Publisher shall not unreasonably withhold its consent."

"4 Retention of Rights
The Author/Editor may deposit an Author-created version of the Article on Author’s/Editor’s funder’s or funder’s designated repository at the funder’s request or as a result of a legal obligation, provided it is not made publicly available until 12 months after official publication. Author/Editor may not use the Publisher’s PDF version, which is posted on www.degruyter.com, for the purpose of that deposit. Additionally, the Author/Editor may deposit the Publisher’s PDF version of the Article on Author’s/Editor’s own website or Author’s/Editor’s institute’s designated repository, provided it is not made publicly available until 12 months after official publication. Furthermore, the Author/Editor may only post the Article provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication and a link is inserted to the published Article on Publisher’s website. The link must be accompanied by the following text: “The final publication is available at www.degruyter.com”. The Author/Editor is requested to use the appropriate DOI for the Article.

5 Open Access
Should the Author and the Publisher have an Agreement specifying that the Article is an Open Access publication, the rights to the digital version of the Article hereby granted by the Author to the Publisher shall be non-exclusive. The Author retains the non-exclusive right to publish the article in digital form, in full or in part, according to the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND license for free on any open access platform, including a personal homepage, an institutional server, or a subject repository."

Retrieved from the Journal Copyright Agreement.

"In keeping with our efforts in support of the dissemination of research results, De Gruyter is pleased to announce its repository policy, under which the following conditions apply to authors of articles published in multi-authored works (journals, anthologies, edited volumes and databases):

AUTHOR WISHES TO INCLUDE HIS/HER ARTICLE ON A PERSONAL WEBSITE OR IN A REPOSITORY
De Gruyter allows authors the use of the final published version of an article (publisher pdf) for self-archiving (author's personal website) and/or archiving in an institutional repository (on a non-profit server) after an embargo period of 12 months after publication. The published source must be acknowledged and a link to the journal home page or articles' DOI must be set. Authors MAY NOT self-archive their articles in public and/or commercial subject based repositories.

AUTHOR WISHES TO SEND ELECTRONIC OFFPRINTS (PDFS) TO COLLEAGUES
Authors may download offprint of the article as a PDF document. This document will explicitly be marked as the author's personal document. Authors may send 30 copies of the article to colleagues. These articles will be marked as author copies as well.

Retrieved from the publisher's Repository Policy.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"3 Obligations of the Author/Editor
The Author/Editor warrants that … d) the Article or substantial parts thereof have not been published elsewhere."

Retrieved from the Journal Copyright Agreement.

Emerald

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"Please note that uses permitted below are subject to full referencing and credit of the original (or forthcoming) publication."

"Inclusion of your article or book chapter in your dissertation or thesis":

  • "Submitted Version under Review (SMUR)" and "Author Accepted Manuscript (AAM)": yes.
  • "Version of Record": "This version may be included in the print version of your thesis/dissertation. If an electronic deposit is required, this must be the SMUR or AAM version"

Retrieved from For Authors - Writing for Emerald - Emerald Author rights .

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Emerald requires that all authors sign a copyright form that clearly states that their submitted work has not been published before. If elements of a work have been previously published in another publication, including an Emerald publication, the author is required to acknowledge the earlier work and indicate how the subsequent work differs and builds upon the research and conclusions contained in the previous work. Verbatim copying of an author's own work and paraphrasing is not acceptable and we recommend that research should only be reused to support new conclusions.

We recommend that authors cite all previous stages of publication and presentation of their ideas that have culminated in the final work, including conference papers, workshop presentations and listserv communications. This will ensure that a complete record of all communication relating to the work is documented."

Retrieved from For Authors - Writing for Emerald - Originality guidelines.

Besides, no other information concerning thesis are offered.

Elsevier

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"Table of Author's Rights Inclusion in a thesis or dissertation:

Retrieved from Author User Rights (PDF).

"Published Journal Article: Theses and dissertations which contain embedded PJAs (= probably "Published Journal Article") as part of the formal submission can be posted publicly by the awarding institution with DOI links back to the formal publications on ScienceDirect". Retrieved from Elsevier's website Article Sharing

According to information from permissionshelpdesk@elsevier.com this applies to both printed and electronic dissertations. A proper citation with a link to the published version on Science Direct is required.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Is a dissertation that is deposited in an institutional repository considered a ‘published article’ and therefore a form of 'prior publication'? No, Elsevier does not view publication as an academic thesis as prior publication. Please note that Cell Press, The Lancet, and some society-owned titles have different policies on prior publication. For further information on Elsevier’s prior publication policy please see: Policies and Ethics for Journal Authors (Multiple, redundant or concurrent publication)." Retrieved from Sharing and hosting policy FAQ.

"An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Elsevier does not view the following uses of a work as prior publication: publication in the form of an abstract; publication as an academic thesis; publication as an electronic preprint. Information on prior publication is included within each Elsevier journal’s Guide for Authors. Note: Cell Press, The Lancet, and some society-owned titles have different policies on prior publication. Information on these is available on the journal homepage." Retrieved from Policies and ethics.

According to information from permissionshelpdesk@elsevier.com, Elsevier does not differentiate between print and online dissertation with regard to acceptance. However, they point out that the specific journals are responsible for accepting submitted articles and that it is important to cite every prior publication.

Effective September 2018

Frontiers

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

Is permitted, since the original publication is open access. No exclusive rights have been given to the publisher.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Original Content… Theses and Dissertations
In submitted manuscripts, Frontiers allows the inclusion of content which first appeared in an author’s thesis so long as this represents the only medium it has appeared in, is in line with the author’s university policy, and can be accessed online. If the thesis is not archived online, it is considered as original, unpublished data and thus is subject to the unpublished data restrictions of some of our article-types. This inclusion should be noted in the Acknowledgements section of the manuscript and the thesis should be cited and referenced accordingly in the Reference list."

Retrieved from Author Guidelines at 2. Manuscript Guidelines.

Hanser Fachverlag

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

According to information from info@hanser.de, the publisher will usually grant the permission to include an article in a dissertation when asked by a PhD student. Hanser wants to know the exact usage of the article. They set a high value on attribution of the original article.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

According to information from info@hanser.de, Hanser publishes dissertations in exceptional cases only.

Hindawi

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited." Retrieved from the publisher's guidelines.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"If authors have used their own previously published work, or work that is currently under review, as the basis for a submitted manuscript, they are required to cite the previous work and indicate how their submitted manuscript offers novel contributions beyond those of the previous work." Retrieved from the publisher's ethics pages.

According to information from hindawi@hindawi.com, Hindawi accepts submissions of both print and online dissertations (or parts thereof) which have been deposited on an institutional repository, provided that the original publication is properly cited.

Nature Research (formerly Nature Publishing Group)

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

… "the Authors retain the following non-exclusive rights:
a. To reproduce the Contribution in whole or in part in any printed volume (book or thesis) of which they are the author(s)."

"d. To post a copy of the Contribution as accepted for publication after peer review (in Word or Tex format) on the Author's own web site, or the Author's institutional repository, or the Author's funding body's archive, six months after publication of the printed or online edition of the Journal, provided that they also link to the Journal article on NPG's web site (eg through the DOI).

NPG encourages the self-archiving of the accepted version of your manuscript in your funding agency's or institution's repository, six months after publication."

"Note: British Journal of Cancer maintains copyright polices of its own that are different from the general NPG policies. Please consult this journal to learn more."

Retrieved from the publisher's "Permission requests from authors" pages.

According to information from Authors.Nature@macmillan.co.uk from Mai 2016, material from the accepted version can be included in a thesis, but can be published in an institutional repository after a 6 months embargo only. Material from the published version must not in any form be re-published on a preprint server or any website (including institutional repositories). They also point out that special circumstances should be discussed with the editors of the respective journal – in particular if the nature guidelines contradict any university regulations.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Duplicate publication
The policy outlined on this page applies to Nature journals (those with the word "Nature" in their title). NPG publishes many other journals, each of which has separate publication policies described on its website. A current list of these journals, with links to each journal's homepage is available.

Nature journals' policy on duplicate publication

Material submitted to a Nature journal must be original and not published or submitted for publication elsewhere. This rule applies to material submitted elsewhere while the Nature journal contribution is under consideration.

Authors submitting a contribution to a Nature journal who have related material under consideration or in press elsewhere should upload a clearly marked copy at the time of submission, and draw the editors' attention to it in their cover letter. Authors must disclose any such information while their contributions are under consideration by a Nature journal - for example, if they submit a related manuscript elsewhere that was not written at the time of the original Nature journal submission.

If part of a contribution that an author wishes to submit to a Nature journal has appeared or will appear elsewhere, the author must specify the details in the covering letter accompanying the Nature submission. Consideration by the Nature journal is possible if the main result, conclusion, or implications are not apparent from the other work, or if there are other factors, for example if the other work is published in a language other than English.

The Nature journals are happy to consider submissions containing material that has previously formed part of a PhD or other academic thesis which has been published according to the requirements of the institution awarding the qualification.

The Nature journals support prior publication on recognized community preprint servers for review by other scientists in the field before formal submission to a journal. The details of the preprint server concerned and any accession numbers should be included in the cover letter accompanying submission of the manuscript to the Nature journal. This policy does not extend to preprints available to the media or that are otherwise publicised outside the scientific community before or during the submission and consideration process at the Nature journal.

Nature journals do not wish to hinder communication between scientists. For that reason, different embargo guidelines apply to work that has been discussed at a conference or displayed on a preprint server and picked up by the media as a result. (Neither conference presentations nor posting on recognized preprint servers constitute prior publication.)"

Retrieved from the publisher's Duplicate publication pages.

"Our guidelines for authors and potential authors in such circumstances are clear-cut in principle: communicate with other researchers as much as you wish, whether on a recognised community preprint server, by discussion at scientific meetings (publication of abstracts in conference proceedings is allowed), in an academic thesis, or by online collaborative sites such as wikis; but do not encourage premature publication by discussion with the press (beyond a formal presentation, if at a conference)." Retrieved from the publisher's Communication between scientists pages.

"... Material in a contribution submitted to a Nature journal may also have been published as part of a PhD or other academic thesis." Retrieved from the publisher's website Confidentiality and pre-publicity.

According to information from Authors.Nature@macmillan.co.uk, authors may submit parts of their theses as articles, even when they are published on an institutional repository. The publisher supports the use of preprint servers and does not make any difference to the publication of a thesis. However, authors should consider the media embargo guidelines for preprints, conference reports and theses: A discussion with the media is not accepted. The publisher refers to his website http://www.nature.com/authors/policies/embargo.html.

PLOS

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

Is permitted, since the original publication is open access. No exclusive rights have been given to the publisher.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Criteria for Publication: …
PLOS ONE does not accept for publication studies that have already been published, in whole or in part, elsewhere in the peer-reviewed literature. All figures included in manuscripts should be original, and should not have been published in any previous publications. In addition, we will not consider submissions that are currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. … we will consider manuscripts that have been deposited in preprint servers such as bioRxiv or arXiv, or published in a thesis. We will also consider work that has been presented at conferences." Retrieved from Criteria for Publication.

SAGE

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"Q7 - What are my rights as author?
It is important to check the policy for the journal to which you are submitting or publishing to establish your rights as Author. SAGE's standard policies allow the following re-use rights:

  • You may do whatever you wish with the version of the article you submitted to the journal (Version 1).
  • Once the article has been accepted for publication, you may post the accepted version (Version 2) of the article on your own personal website, your department's website or the repository of your institution without any restrictions.
  • You may not post the accepted version (Version 2) of the article in any repository other than those listed above (i.e. you may not deposit in the repository of another institution or a subject-matter repository) until 12 months after publication of the article in the journal.
  • You may use the published article (version 3) for your own teaching needs or to supply on an individual basis to research colleagues, provided that such supply is not for commercial purposes.
  • You may use the article (version 3) in a book authored or edited by you at any time after publication in the journal. This does not apply to books where you are contributing a chapter to a book authored or edited by someone else.
  • You may not post the published article (version 3) on a website or in a repository without permission from SAGE.
  • When posting or re-using the article please provide a link to the appropriate DOI for the published version of the article on SAGE Journals (http://online.sagepub.com)
If your re-use is not already covered by our standard re-use policy, you can request permission by following the instructions on our Journal Permissions page:
Permission for most SAGE Journal content can be processed immediately via RightsLink®, an automated service operated by the Copyright Clearance Center.  If you are unable to complete your request via RightsLink® after following the instructions provided on this page, please email your request to permissions@sagepub.co.uk." Retrieved from the publisher's Copyright and Permissions pages.

According to information from Permissions@sagepub.co.uk, SAGE journals allow re-using a published article as a dissertation (or as a part thereof) both in print and online, as well as depositing it in an institutional repository. SAGE requires that you ask for permission at Permissions@sagepub.co.uk when re-using a published article. Usually permission will be granted free of charge. They point out that they cannot grant permission for contributions of third parties, but that you have to ask specifically for this. They also require proper citation of the original publication.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"If material has been previously published it is not generally acceptable for publication in a SAGE journal. However, there are certain circumstances where previously published material can be considered for publication:

  • Most dissertations and theses posted in institutional archives: if the dissertation being presented for publication is the same or substantially the same as any previously published work, it will not be suitable for a SAGE journal.
  •  
  • Working papers or versions of the paper posted on a pre-print server: authors should alert the Editor when submitting their paper if they have posted it on a pre-print server. Authors should not post an updated version of their paper on the pre-print server while it is being peer reviewed for possible publication in the journal. If the article is accepted for publication, the author may re-use their work according to the journal's self-archiving policy: SAGE’s standard self-archiving policy can be found on our Author Gateway.
In all cases the author should disclose any prior publication or distribution to the Editor and ensure appropriate attribution to the prior distribution and/or publication of the material. For advice on how to clear permission for a manuscripts you intend to submit to for publication in a SAGE Journal, please visit our Author Gateway Copyright and Permissions FAQ." Retrieved from the publisher's Prior Publication pages.

"Authors should ensure that: … their work has not been previously published and has been submitted only to the journal … Above all, authors should be transparent. For example, if an author is not sure whether her paper is original (for instance, whether it might constitute duplicate publication), she should inform the journal’s editor. If the editor decides it is appropriate to publish, the paper itself should state clearly any potential overlap." Retrieved from the publisher's Ethics - Responsibility pages.

According to information from Permissions@sagepub.co.uk, SAGE asks authors to disclose every prior distribution and/or publication of material submitted to a SAGE journal. This also applies to dissertations (print and/or online). The journal editor then will check if substantial original material is included in the submitted manuscript and wether it will be accepted or not. Finally, they refer to the SAGE Prior Publication pages.

Springer

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"Author retains the right to use his/her article for his/her further scientific career by including the final published journal article in other publications such as dissertations and postdoctoral qualifications provided acknowledgement is given to the original source of publication." Retrieved from Springer's Copyright Transfer Statement (for information purposes only) (pdf, 213 kB) which will be signed by the author when publishing an article in one of Springer's subscription journals. Retrieved from the publisher's website "Copyright and plagiarism".

But according to information from journalpermissions@springernature.com from June 2017 PhD students who want to reuse their article in their thesis have to mail the requested type of reuse to journalpermissions@springernature.com. Then they can integrate the accepted manuscript version (postprint)in their print- and online-thesis and make it available through our publication server without additional costs and without embargo period (which is normally 12 month for self-archiving the postprint). This is only permitted for thesis without ISBN. The publisher's version mustn't be included in the thesis without a licence and a fee. SpringerNature will confirm the permission to reuse by mail and give additional information.

Stand: September 2018

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Submission of a manuscript implies: that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis);…" Retrieved from the Manuscript Guidelines Journals.

In their mail from Mai 2017 they also confirm that they accept submissions which have already been published as thesis. Online-thesis aren't excluded in the mail.

Thieme

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"2.3 No earlier than 12 months after the article was first published whether it was published online at www.thieme-connect.com, in some other Thieme produced electronic form, or in a print journal published by Thieme Publishing Group, authors may make the Accepted Version of their manuscript, including Supplemental Data, available on a non-commercial academic Institutional Repository. The archived version must contain a reference to the copyright of the publisher and a link to the Published Journal Article in the e-journals system of the Thieme Publishing Group (www.thieme-connect.com), if the article has been published online. The file format of the archived version shall be the same as the file format of the article submitted by the author (usually .doc), or any other file format that has been generated from this version (e. g., PDF)." Retrieved from Autorenlounge - Authors’ rights and Green Open Access.

When asked for thesis-specific regulations, permission@thieme.de gives the following answer: They permit authors to publish their articles in the deposit copies of their cumulative dissertation in a printed version as well as on a university repository and the server of the national library under the following conditions:

  1. The article must be part of the cumulative dissertation.
  2. Only the accepted WORD version of the article without any Thieme layout may be used. Usage and provision of the PDF version published by Thieme is explicitly excluded.

If the dissertation should be published on the Internet within 12 months after Thieme has published the article, the full-text version must not be included. Usually it will be replaced by the DOI.

12 months after the original publication by Thieme, the author is allowed to share the accepted manuscript version including supplementary data on a non-commercial institutional repository, i.e. it can also be included in a cumulative dissertation on the institutional repository. Publication on other servers is not permitted.

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"2.1 As a general principle, Thieme Publishing Group will not accept material for publication in a journal that has previously been published elsewhere." Retrieved from Autorenlounge - Authors’ rights and Green Open Access.

Wiley

Using already published journal articles in a dissertation:

"Contributors may use the articles in teaching duties and in other works such as theses." Retrieved from Licensing Info & FAQs under "Copyright Transfer Agreement (CTA) or Exclusive Licenses".

Also on that website, there's a CTA sample, with this information:

"C. PERMITTED USES BY CONTRIBUTOR" -"3. Final Published Version" - "b. Re-use in other publications. The right to re-use the Final Published Version or parts thereof for any publication authored or edited by the Contributor (excluding journal articles) where such re-used material constitutes less than half of the total material in such publication. In such case, any modifications must be accurately noted."

But according to our experiences, also the re-publication of an essay, which occupies most of the part of the theses, is permitted after requesting by e-mail.

Stand: September 2018

Re-using dissertations in journal articles:

"Journals from different disciplines vary in their approach to pre-print servers. Many biomedical journals would consider posting an article to a pre-print server to render any subsequent journal publication redundant. Thus an article submitted for consideration after having been posted to a pre-print server would be rejected. However, many researchers working in physics, mathematics, computer science, quantitative biology, quantitative finance and statistics post their articles to arXiv before submitting an article successfully to a journal for peer review and publication. Journals should establish a policy about pre-print servers and declare this in their instructions for authors. Any previous publication should be disclosed in the paper. The following types of "prior publication" do not present cause for concerns about duplicate or redundant publication: … Dissertations and theses in university archives…" Retrieved from the Best Practice Guidelines on Publishing Ethics (page 4 of the PDF) by Wiley.


In case you don't find the information you are seeking here, you could have a look at a page of the TU Berlin for information on using articles in dissertations. It is also listed there whether the dissertation may be published before the journal article.

Please contact us if you need information as to another publisher. We will enquire it for you.

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