Schlegel, Birgit and Laggner, Christian and Meier, Rene and Langer, Thierry and Schnell, David and Seifert, Roland and Stark, Holger and Höltje, Hans-Dieter and Sippl, Wolfgang
Generation of a homology model of the human histamine H₃ receptor for ligand docking and pharmacophore-based screening.
Journal of Computer-Aided Molecular Design.
The human histamine H₃ receptor (hH₃R) is a G-protein coupled receptor (GPCR), which modulates the release of various neurotransmitters in the central and peripheral nervous system and therefore is a potential target in the therapy of numerous diseases. Although ligands addressing this receptor are already known, the discovery of alternative lead structures represents an important goal in drug design. The goal of this work was to study the hH3R and its antagonists by means of molecular modelling tools. For this purpose, a strategy was pursued in which a homology model of the hH₃R based on the crystal structure of bovine rhodopsin was generated and refined by molecular dynamics simulations in a dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC)/water membrane mimic before the resulting binding pocket was used for high-throughput docking using the program GOLD. Alternatively, a pharmacophore-based procedure was carried out where the alleged bioactive conformations of three different potent hH₃R antagonists were used as templates for the generation of pharmacophore models. A pharmacophore-based screening was then carried out using the program Catalyst. Based upon a database of 418 validated hH₃R antagonists both strategies could be validated in respect of their performance. Seven hits obtained during this screening procedure were commercially purchased, and experimentally tested in a [³H]Nα-methylhistamine binding assay. The compounds tested showed affinities at hH₃R with Ki values ranging from 0.079 to 6.3 lM.
|Institutions:|| Chemistry and Pharmacy > Institute of Pharmacy|
|Keywords:||Histamine; H₃ receptor; Docking; Molecular dynamics; GOLD; Catalyst; Pharmacophore; Rhodopsin|
|Subjects:||600 Technology > 610 Medical sciences Medicine|
|Refereed:||Yes, this version has been refereed|
|Created at the University of Regensburg:||Unknown|
|Deposited On:||28 Jan 2008 15:13|
|Last Modified:||20 Jul 2011 21:11|